The clinicopathology of MDS and MPN are not mutually exclusive and for this reason the category of myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN) exists. Several sub-entities have been included under the MDS/MPN umbrella, including MDS/MPN-unclassifiable (MDS/MPN-U) for those cases whose morphologic and clinical phenotype do not meet criteria to be classified as any other MDS/MPN sub-entity. Though potentially regarded as a wastebasket diagnosis, since its integration into myeloid disease classification, MDS/MPN-U has been refined with increasing understanding of the mutational and genomic events that drive particular clinicopathologic phenotypes, even within MDS/MPN-U. The prototypical example is the identification of SF3B1 mutations and its durable association with MDS/MPN with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/MPN-RS-T), an entity previously buried within, but now a separate category outside of MDS/MPN-U. Continued and enhanced study of those entities under MDS/MPN-U, a perhaps provisional category itself, is likely to progressively identify commonality between many "unclassifiables" to establish a new classifiable diagnosis.
- myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
- myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN)