Baseline Clinical Characteristics and Disease Burden in Patients With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH): Updated Analysis From the International PNH Registry | Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation

Baseline Clinical Characteristics and Disease Burden in Patients With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH): Updated Analysis From the International PNH Registry

Journal Title: 
Annals of Hematology
Primary Author: 
Hubert Schrezenmeier
Author(s): 
Hubert Schrezenmeier, Alexander Röth, David J Araten, Yuzuru Kanakura, Loree Larratt, Jamile M Shammo, Amanda Wilson, Gilda Shayan, Jaroslaw P Maciejewski
Original Publication Date: 
Wednesday, July 1, 2020

The International Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) Registry (NCT01374360) was initiated to optimize patient management by collecting data regarding disease burden, progression, and clinical outcomes. Herein, we report updated baseline demographics, clinical characteristics, disease burden data, and observed trends regarding clone size in the largest cohort of Registry patients. Patients with available data as of July 2017 were stratified by glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-deficient granulocyte clone size (< 10%, ≥ 10%-< 50%, and ≥ 50%). All patients were untreated with eculizumab at baseline, defined as date of eculizumab initiation or date of Registry enrollment (if never treated with eculizumab). Outcomes assessed in the current analysis included proportions of patients with high disease activity (HDA), history of major adverse vascular events (MAVEs; including thrombotic events [TEs]), bone marrow failure (BMF), red blood cell (RBC) transfusions, and PNH-related symptoms. A total of 4439 patients were included, of whom 2701 (60.8%) had available GPI-deficient granulocyte clone size data. Among these, median clone size was 31.8% (1002 had < 10%; 526 had ≥ 10%-< 50%; 1173 had ≥ 50%). There were high proportions of patients with HDA (51.6%), history of MAVEs (18.8%), BMF (62.6%), RBC transfusion (61.3%), and impaired renal function (42.8%). All measures except RBC transfusion history significantly correlated with GPI-deficient granulocyte clone size. A large proportion of patients with GPI-deficient granulocyte clone size < 10% had hemolysis (9.7%), MAVEs (10.2%), HDA (9.1%), and/or PNH-related symptoms. Although larger GPI-deficient granulocyte clone sizes were associated with higher disease burden, a substantial proportion of patients with smaller clone sizes had history of MAVEs/TEs.