The Phase 3 single-arm COMMODORE 3 study (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT04654468) evaluated efficacy and safety of crovalimab (novel C5 inhibitor) in complement inhibitor-naive patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). COMMODORE 3 enrolled patients from five China centers. Eligible complement inhibitor-naive patients with PNH were ≥12 years old, had lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) ≥2 × upper limit of normal (ULN), and had ≥4 transfusions of packed red blood cells within the prior 12 months. Patients received crovalimab loading doses (one intravenous, four subcutaneous) and subsequent every-4-weeks subcutaneous maintenance doses per weight-based tiered-dosing schedule. Co-primary efficacy endpoints were mean proportion of patients with hemolysis control (LDH ≤1.5 × ULN) from Week (W)5 through W25 and difference in proportion of patients with transfusion avoidance from baseline through W25 versus within 24 weeks of prescreening in patients who had ≥1 crovalimab dose and ≥1 central LDH assessment after first dose. Between March 17 and August 24, 2021, 51 patients (15-58 years old) were enrolled; all received treatment. At primary analysis, both co-primary efficacy endpoints were met. Estimated mean proportion of patients with hemolysis control was 78.7% (95% CI: 67.8-86.6). Difference between proportion of patients with transfusion avoidance from baseline through W25 (51.0%; n = 26) versus within 24 weeks of prescreening (0%) was statistically significant (p < .0001). No adverse events led to treatment discontinuation. One treatment-unrelated death (subdural hematoma following a fall) occurred. In conclusion, crovalimab, with every-4-weeks subcutaneous dosing is efficacious and well tolerated in complement inhibitor-naive patients with PNH.
- paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)