Thirty patients (19 boys and 11 girls) with aplastic anemia received antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine. Twenty-two patients had severe and 8 had very severe aplastic anemia.
Antibodies have been the cornerstone of treatment of acquired
The HLA class II DRB1 antigen DR15 (common alleles *1501, *1502) is an important marker in the pathobiology of severe
Acquired aplastic anemia is an organ-specific auto-immune disease characterized by pancytopenia and hypoplastic bone marrow. Immunosuppression with anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine A (CsA) is an effective and safe therapy for patients without undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of rabbit-ATG (r-ATG) combined with CsA as an intensive immunosuppressive therapy (IST) for acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) in children.