First-line treatment of aplastic anemia(AA) and for AA patients ineligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has consisted of antithymocyte globulin (ATG), the calcineurin inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA), and more recently eltrombopag. However, at our institution, we have successfully substituted another calcineurin inhibitor, tacrolimus, as a part of immunosuppressive threatment (IST) for AA due to more favorable toxicity profile. Since there is limited data on the use of tacrolimus in aplastic anemia, we conducted a retrospective review of twenty patients treated with tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive therapy (IST) as a first- or second-line treatment. The overall response rate was comparable to that of patients treated with CsA (18 patients). However, there were no cutaneous side effects observed in patients receiving tacrolimus, a relatively common finding with CsA use. Our data suggest that tacrolimus-based IST is a potential option in AA and might have a more favorable toxicity profile compared to CsA.
- aplastic anemia