Diseases | Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation Return to top.


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Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Acute myeloid leukemia is a type of blood and bone marrow cancer that occurs when young abnormal white blood cells (leukemia cells) start to fill up the bone marrow and interfere with the body’s normal blood cell production.

Aplastic Anemia

Aplastic anemia is a rare disease in which the bone marrow stops producing enough blood cells. Any blood cells the marrow does make are completely normal, but there are simply not enough of them to serve the body's needs. With prompt and proper care, most patients can be successfully treated.

Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of blood, lymph node and bone marrow cancer in which too many abnormal white blood cells called lymphocytes accumulate in your body.

MDS - Myelodysplastic Syndromes

MDS, or Myelodysplastic syndromes, are a family of rare disorders in which the bone marrow fails to make enough healthy red blood cells, white blood cells or platelets. This is caused by bone marrow producing lots of underdeveloped, or immature, cells that have an abnormal shape, size or look. These are called blast cells. Most experts agree that MDS is a form of blood and bone marrow cancer.

PNH - Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

PNH, or Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is an ultra-rare bone marrow failure disease in which red blood cells break apart. Normal red blood cells have a shield of proteins that protect them from coming under attack by the body's own immune system. PNH occurs because that protein shield is missing. PNH is often associated with reduced bone marrow function (low blood counts) caused by aplastic anemia.

Related Diseases

Bone marrow failure includes other diseases and conditions that are related to aplastic anemia, MDS and PNH. AAMDSIF extends its programs, services and support to patients and families suffering from these rare diseases as well.

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