Does Chemotherapy Train the Mutation of the Pig-A Gene? (PIGA) | Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation
Does Chemotherapy Train the Mutation of the Pig-A Gene? (PIGA)

Clinical Trial: NCT03837054

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The PIG-A gene (in humans)/Pig-a (in rodents) may be a useful reporter of acquired gene mutation. A simple and reproductive test based on flow cytometry allows detection of Pig-a mutants in a few minutes with low blood volumes. Many studies in rodents showed that detecting Pig-a mutations is useful for identifying genotoxic exposure, but studies are needed in humans to validate this biological marker. The investigators propose to carry out a study to assess the prevalence of PIG-A mutated reticulocytes among 30 patients exposed to genotoxic chemotherapy for breast cancer treatment. The investigators will prospectively collect, for each patient, 4 blood samples of 10mL during chemotherapy: the first one (T0) before chemotherapy (before genotoxic exposure), T1 during treatment (after the third cure), T2 (just at the end of chemotherapy) and T3 (five weeks after the end of chemotherapy). PIG-A mutated cells frequency distributions will be compared between T0, T1, T2 and T3. At the same time, the investigators will document the impact of such a genotoxic exposure using the micronuclei test on in vitro binucleate lymphocytes. The micronuclei test reveals structural or numerical chromosome aberrations caused by aneugenic or clastogenic exposure. This test will be done on T0 and T3 blood samples of each patient.

Study Date: 
Thu, 01/10/2019 to Sun, 01/10/2021
Bone Marrow Disease(s): 
  • paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH)
Biological: Blood collection and Micronuclei assay on binucleate lymphocytes in culture The activity of the oncology Department of the North Hospital ensures the quick and easy recruitment of 30 patients over the 10-month inclusion period. The collection of samples will be done in a forward-looking manner during chemotherapy and at different times. The patients will have 4 blood samples of 10 mL carried out during their chemotherapy with a sampling at T0 (before the initiation of chemotherapy), then to T1 (after the first 3 cures), to T2 (after the 6th cure) and to T3 is 5 weeks after the end of the chemo And before the onset of radiation therapy. The samples will be carried out within the Medical Oncology Department of the hospital Nord of Marseille. We will also perform micronuclei testing on Binucleate lymphocytes in culture. The lymphocyte Micronuclei test reveals structure and number chromosomal damage and allows to reveal clastogenic or eugènes exposures.