This randomized phase III trial studies caspofungin acetate to see how it works compared to fluconazole in preventing invasive fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are undergoing chemotherapy. Caspofungin acetate or fluconazole may help prevent fungal infections caused by chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether fluconazole is more effective than caspofungin acetate in preventing fungal infections in patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are undergoing chemotherapy.
Clinical Trial: NCT01307579
Prior allogeneic transplant Karnofsky Performance Score < 70% Active central nervous system (CNS) involvement by malignant cells Patients with uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infections (currently taking medication and with progre