Retrospective Analysis of Prognostic Factors Associated With Response and Overall Survival by Baseline Marrow Blast Percentage in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes Treated With Decitabine. | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Retrospective Analysis of Prognostic Factors Associated With Response and Overall Survival by Baseline Marrow Blast Percentage in Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndromes Treated With Decitabine.

Journal Title: 
Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk
Author(s): 
Jabbour E, Kantarjian H, O'Brien S, Kadia T, Malik A, Welch MA, Teng A, Cortes J, Ravandi F, Garcia-Manero G.
Primary Author: 
Jabbour E
Original Publication Date: 
Wednesday, June 19, 2013

BACKGROUND:

After the World Health Organization (WHO) changed the definition of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to ≥ 20% blasts, the International Working Group (IWG) response criteria for myelodysplasia were updated. This retrospective analysis evaluated response to decitabine using updated IWG criteria in patients pooled from 2 decitabine trials.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Outcomes for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with baseline marrow blasts ≥ 20% and < 30% (RAEB-t group) and < 20% (MDS group) were compared.

RESULTS:

Patients with RAEB-t (n = 26) had a significantly shorter time from diagnosis to study treatment (7.3 vs. 18.3 months), a higher International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) risk (77% vs. 16% high-risk patients), and lower median baseline platelet count (62.3 vs. 112.7 × 103/μL) vs. patients with MDS (n = 157), yet no significant difference in overall response rate (ORR) (15.4% vs. 28.0%). Patients with MDS had better duration of response (9.9 vs. 5 months; P = .024) and overall survival (OS) (16.6 vs. 9.0 months; P = .021) compared with patients with RAEB-t.

Bone Marrow Diseases: