Haploidentical transplant in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Haploidentical transplant in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome

Journal Title: 
Blood Advances
Primary Author: 
Marie Robin
Author(s): 
Marie Robin, Raphael Porcher, Fabio Ciceri, Maria Teresa van Lint, Stella Santarone, Gerhard Ehninger, Didier Blaise, Zafer Güllbas, Soledad Gonzáles Muñiz, Mauricette Michallet, Andrea Velardi, Linda Koster, Johan Maertens, Jorge Sierra
Original Publication Date: 
Monday, July 31, 2017

The only curative treatment in patients with intermediate or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), which usually results in a long-term, disease-free survival rate of between 30% and 50%, depending on the disease risk and the type of donor. In patients without an HLA-matched sibling donor, a family haploidentical donor is an alternative option. The present study reports the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation activity for haploidentical transplantation in MDS patients. A total of 228 patients transplanted from a mismatched HLA-related donor between 2007 and 2014 were studied. The median age at transplant was 56 years. Eighty-four (37%) patients had MDS transformed into acute myeloid leukemia at the time of transplant. Ex vivo T-cell depletion was used in 34 patients. One hundred ninety-four patients received a T-cell replete transplant and 102 patients received posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PT-CY) as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis. The cumulative incidences of acute and chronic GVHD in PT-CY vs other patients were 25% vs 37% and 37% vs 24%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of nonrelapse mortality was 55% in patients who did not receive PT-CY (no PT-CY) and 41% in patients who did receive PT-CY. Three-year overall survival was 28% in no PT-CY patients and 38% in PT-CY patients. In multivariable analysis, the main risk factors were the intensity of the conditioning regimen and the use of PT-CY. In conclusion, the outcomes of MDS patients who received an haploidentical transplant are close to the results other transplantations from HLA-mismatched donors with approximately one-third of patients alive and free of disease 3 years after transplant, and the use of PT-CY may improve their outcomes.

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