Comparable outcomes between younger (⩽40 years) and older (>40 years) adult patients with severe aplastic anemia after HLA-matched sibling stem cell transplantation using fludarabine-based conditioning | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Comparable outcomes between younger (⩽40 years) and older (>40 years) adult patients with severe aplastic anemia after HLA-matched sibling stem cell transplantation using fludarabine-based conditioning

Journal Title: 
Bone Marrow Transplant.
Primary Author: 
Shin SH
Author(s): 
Shin SH, Jeon YW, Yoon JH, Yahng SA, Lee SE, Cho BS, Eom KS, Kim YJ, Lee S, Min CK, Kim HJ, Cho SG, Kim DW, Min WS, Lee JW
Original Publication Date: 
Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation from HLA-matched siblings (MSD-SCT) for elderly patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is not a widely accepted first-line treatment. Recently, fludarabine, lower-dose cyclophosphamide and antithymocyte globulin conditioning (Flu/lower-dose Cy/ATG) with lower toxicities has been investigated. To determine whether this regimen can overcome the negative effects of age, we analyzed 117 adult patients with SAA who received MSD-SCT using Flu/lower-dose Cy/ATG, and compared outcomes between 63 younger age group (YAG; ⩽40 years) and 54 older age group (OAG; >40 years) patients. No primary graft failure was observed. Neutrophil engraftment was significantly faster in the YAG compared with the OAG (12 vs 13 days; P=0.04). The incidences of acute grade II-IV (9.5% vs 9.3% at day 100; P=0.42) and chronic GVHD (8.1% vs 9.5% at 5 years; P=0.80), secondary graft failure (20.8% vs 7.9% at 5 years; P=0.11) and transplant-related mortality (5.4% and 11.1% at 5 years; P=0.91) were not significantly different between the YAG and OAG. In addition, failure-free (73.7% vs 81.0% at 5 years; P=0.73) and overall survival rates (93.7% vs 88.9% at 5 years; P=0.20) were comparable. Our results suggest that MSD-SCT using Flu/lower-dose Cy/ATG may be a feasible first-line treatment even in older patients with SAA.

Bone Marrow Diseases: