Telomere length in myelodysplastic syndromes | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Telomere length in myelodysplastic syndromes

Journal Title: 
Leuk Lymphoma
Author(s): 
Rollison DE, Epling-Burnette PK, Park JY, Lee JH, Park H, Jonathan K, Cole AL, Painter JS, Guerrier M, Meléndez-Santiago J, Fulp W, Komrokji R, Lancet J, List AF.
Primary Author: 
Rollison DE
Original Publication Date: 
Friday, June 3, 2011

The relationship between telomere length (TL) and predisposition to myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remains unclear. We compared peripheral blood leukocyte (PBL) TL among cases of histologically confirmed MDS (n = 65) who were treatment-naive with no prior cancer history to age-matched controls (n = 63). Relative TL was measured in PBLs and saliva by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in CD15+ and CD19+ cells by flow cytometry-fluorescence in situ hybridization (flow-FISH). Human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene (hTERT) mutations were assessed by PCR. After adjustment for age and sex, relative TLs were reduced in PBLs (p = 0.02), CD15+ (p = 0.01), CD19+ (p = 0.25), and saliva (p = 0.13) in MDS cases versus controls, although only the PBL and CD15+ results were statistically significant. Among MDS cases, CD15+ and CD19+ cell TLs were positively correlated (p = 0.03). PBL TL was reduced among those occupationally exposed to paints and pesticides, but was not associated with hTERT genotype. Future studies are needed to further investigate constitutional telomere attrition as a possible predisposing factor for MDS.

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