Recipient-derived EBV-positive Monomorphic Plasmacytoma Type Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant for Severe Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Recipient-derived EBV-positive Monomorphic Plasmacytoma Type Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant for Severe Aplastic Anemia: A Case Report

Journal Title: 
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol
Primary Author: 
Carden MA
Author(s): 
Carden MA, Caltharp S, Yee ME, Haight AE, Westblade LF, Park S
Original Publication Date: 
Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Monomorphic plasmacytoma-type posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) has not been reported after pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We present a child with hepatitis-associated severe aplastic anemia who underwent an unrelated allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and subsequently developed graft failure and an Epstein-Barr virus-positive monomorphic plasmacytoma-type PTLD of recipient origin. Despite broad-spectrum antimicrobials, weaning immunosuppression, rituximab administration, and a stem cell boost she died from complications of PTLD and a fungal pulmonary infection on day +78.

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