The primary hypothesis is that chemotherapy followed by donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) from HLA-haploidentical donors is a safe procedure that will not cause Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD) or increased treatment-related mortality. The Investigator further believes that this will improve outcomes of elderly patients with high-risk AML or MDS compared to chemotherapy alone, and that that this benefit will be even greater in donor-recipient pairs that share maternal-fetal microchimerism or non-inherited maternal antigen (NIMA) mismatch. A large part of this trial will include immune function assays as well as assessments of efficacy, toxicity, and GVHD. Because this therapy may be a tolerable alternative to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) for elderly patients, the Investigator will validate functional measurements (e.g. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA)) with biologic correlates (cytokine and genomic profiles) and clinical outcomes.
Clinical Trial: NCT02046122
Adoptive Transfer of Haplo-identical DLI for AML and MDS