Survival of patients with documented autologous recovery after SCT for severe aplastic anemia: a study by the WPSAA of the EBMT. | Aplastic Anemia and MDS International Foundation

Survival of patients with documented autologous recovery after SCT for severe aplastic anemia: a study by the WPSAA of the EBMT.

Journal Title: 
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant
Author(s): 
Piccin A, McCann S, Socié G, Oneto R, Bacigalupo A, Locasciulli A, Marsh J, Schrezenmeier H, Tichelli A, Hand E, Lawler M, Passweg J; Aplastic Anaemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
Primary Author: 
Piccin A
Original Publication Date: 
Monday, November 16, 2009

Graft rejection, with persistent pancytopenia, is well documented after allogeneic BMT (hematopoietic SCT (HSCT)) for severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and the prognosis is poor. The recovery of host-hematopoiesis, autologous recovery (AR), after allogeneic HSCT is a rare event and the incidence and long-term survival are unknown. We report a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients in the Aplastic Anaemia Working Party of the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT-WPSAA) registry between 1973 and 2005. A total of 45 cases of AR, of 1205 patients transplanted for SAA in 57 centers are reported. We describe characteristics and long-term outcome of patients with AR, compared with SAA patients from participating transplant centers without AR (n=1024) and patients with graft rejection (n=136) without autologous recovery. The estimated cumulative incidence of AR was 4.2% (3.1-5.6) (confidence interval (CI) 95%) with an OS of 84% (95% CI 83-107%). The OS of the control group was 74% (81-90) at 10 years of follow up, whereas the patients with graft failure had an OS of 16% (CI 12-28%). This retrospective analysis establishes the incidence and long-term survival of patients experiencing AR after allogeneic HSCT for SAA.

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